[1]吴 婷.甘肃敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区种子植物种质资源调查[J].陕西林业科技,2020,48(04):17-21.
 WU Ting.Germplasm Resources of Spermatophyte in Dunhuang Westlake National Nature Reserve of Gansu[J].,2020,48(04):17-21.
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甘肃敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区种子植物种质资源调查()
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《陕西林业科技》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
48
期数:
2020年04期
页码:
17-21
栏目:
试验与调查研究
出版日期:
2020-10-17

文章信息/Info

Title:
Germplasm Resources of Spermatophyte in Dunhuang Westlake National Nature Reserve of Gansu
文章编号:
1001-2117(2020)04-0017-05
作者:
吴 婷
甘肃敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区管理局,甘肃 敦煌 736200
Author(s):
WU Ting
Dunhuang Westlake National Nature Reserve Administration, Dunhuang, Gansu 736200
关键词:
敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区 种子植物 资源
Keywords:
Dunhuang Westlake National Nature Reserve spermatophyte resources
分类号:
Q948.5
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
经样线、样地等调查,甘肃敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区有种子植物80种,隶属23科61属,其中藜科(Chenopodiaceae)11属15种、菊科(Compositae)9属13种,占优势; 只有1属1种的极小科有11科,分别占保护区总科数、总属数、总种数的47.8%、18.0%、13.7%; 有国家级保护植物7种,省级保护植物4种; 植物保护主要存在生存环境受水利工程影响较大、受区域干旱多风沙气候影响深刻、周边社区人为干扰较小但依然存在等问题,应增强保护与管理能力,针对湿地萎缩、土地沙化、盐渍化,虫鼠害引起植被退化等现状,对水资源等统筹调配管理,探索科学有效的环境恢复治理和有害生物监控、无害化控制技术,恢复和维护湿地等生态系统及其平衡。
Abstract:
On-spot investigation showed that there are 80 kinds of spermatophyte in Westlake National Nature Reserve, which belongs to 61 genera and 23 families. Fifteen species from 11 genera belong to Chenopodiaceae, 13 species from 9 genera falling to Compositae, dominant family in reserve. There are 11 families with one species in one genus, which accounts for 47.8%, 18.0% and 13.7% respectively of total families, genera and species. There are 7 species belonging to China endangered plant list and 4 species belonging to provincial endangered plant list. Plant protection is influenced by hydro-project implementation, regional dry and windy climate and the local community interventions. Efforts should be made to address the problems such as wetland shrinkage, desertification, salination, and pest and rodent damaging. Measures like water resources regulation, environment restoration, pest monitoring and control, wetland ecosystem management were suggested.

参考文献/References:

[1] 邓舒雨,董向忠,马明哲.基于森林碳库动态评估神农架国家级自然保护区的保护成效[J].生物多样性,2018,26(1):27-35.
[2] 袁志良.小秦岭国家级自然保护区森林植物多样性及保护[M].郑州:河南科学技术出版社,2017.
[3] 吴梦红,冯雨林,杨长保,等.西辽河流域湿地动态变化特征及影响因素分析[J]. 世界地质, 2016,35(3):902-908.
[4] 吴三雄,袁海峰.甘肃敦煌西湖国家级自然保护区科学察考报告[M]. 北京:中国林业出版社,2010.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-03-25
基金项目:甘肃省科技重大专项计划项目(1302FKDA035); 甘肃省科技支撑计划-社会发展类项目(1011FKCA136)。
作者简介:吴婷(1986-),女,甘肃敦煌人,工程师,长期从事保护区研究与管理工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-10-17