[1]胡玉玲,蔡芳丽,贺姣凤,等.白膜和不同材料组合覆盖对油茶产量相关指标影响[J].陕西林业科技,2018,(04):22-28.
 HU Yu-lin,CAI Fang-li,HE Jiao-feng,et al.Effect of with White Film and Other Materials Mulching or Covering Oil-tea Camellia on Output Indicators[J].,2018,(04):22-28.
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白膜和不同材料组合覆盖对油茶产量相关指标影响()
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《陕西林业科技》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年04期
页码:
22-28
栏目:
试验与调查研究
出版日期:
2018-08-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of with White Film and Other Materials Mulching or Covering Oil-tea Camellia on Output Indicators
文章编号:
1001-2117(2018)04-0022-07
作者:
胡玉玲12 蔡芳丽2 贺姣凤2 卢海燕2 罗海秀2
1.铜仁学院农林工程与规划学院,贵州 铜仁 554300; 2.湖南应用技术学院农林科技学院,湖南 常德 415100
Author(s):
HU Yu-lin12 CAI Fang-li2 HE Jiao-feng2 LU Hai-yan2 LUO Hai-xiu2
1.College of A&F Engineering and Planning, Tongren University, Tongren, Guizhou 554300; 2.College of Agriculture and Forestry Hunan Institute of Applied Technology, Changde, Hunan, 415100
关键词:
不同立地 白膜 谷壳 木屑 遮阳网 产量指标
Keywords:
Site type white film chaff wood chips sun-shade net yield indicator
分类号:
S794.406
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了探讨白膜与其他材料共同覆盖对油茶产量的影响,选择3种立地条件,白膜分别与谷壳、木屑和遮阳网不同组合对油茶林地进行覆盖,然后调查和测定油茶产量相关指标。结果表明:不同材料覆盖及其与不同立地交互作用对油茶成果率影响极显著,不同立地对油茶单果重影响显著,不同材料覆盖及其与不同立地交互作用对油茶单果重影响极显著,不同材料覆盖及其与不同立地交互作用对油茶鲜出籽率影响极显著,不同立地及不同材料覆盖对油茶籽含水率影响显著,不同立地及其与不同材料覆盖交互作用对油茶籽出仁率影响极显著,不同立地与不同材料覆盖交互作用对油茶仁出油率影响显著; 油茶落果最少覆盖方法为在红壤区白膜上面覆盖谷壳或者木屑,未垦区白膜上面覆盖木屑,砂砾区覆盖白膜; 茶果单果较重覆盖方法为在红壤区谷壳上面覆盖白膜,未垦区木屑上面覆盖白膜,砂砾区白膜上面覆盖木屑; 茶籽较重覆盖方法为在红壤区覆盖白膜和木屑,未垦区直接覆盖白膜或者在白膜上面覆盖谷壳,砂砾区白膜上面覆盖木屑; 鲜出籽率较高覆盖方法在红壤区谷壳上面覆盖白膜,未垦区白膜上面覆盖木屑,砂砾区白膜上面覆盖谷壳; 茶籽含水量较低覆盖方法在红壤区和未垦区白膜上面覆盖谷壳,砂砾区白膜上面覆盖遮阳网; 籽出仁率较高覆盖方法在红壤区和未垦区白膜上面覆盖谷壳,砂砾区谷壳上面覆盖白膜; 仁出油率较高覆盖方法在红壤区覆盖白膜,未垦区白膜上面覆盖谷壳,砂砾区木屑上面覆盖白膜。
Abstract:
In order to investigate the effects of white film and other materials as mulching or covering on the yield of oil-tea camellia, three treatments were applied: white film, chaff, sawdust and shade net together with different sites. Related indicators for yield were determined. The results showed that mulching or covering together with different sites all have very significant effect on fruiting rate and single fruit weight, seeds bearing and kernel production of oil-tea camellia and significant effect on seeds oil and water content of seeds. Different sits conditions have significant effect on single fruit weight. The fruit drop rate was lowest with white film covered with chaff or wood chips in red soil area. For no reclamation area, it is better to cover with white film in gravel area. The fruit weight was heaviest with chaff covered with white film in red soil area and wood chips covered with white film in no reclamation area, and white film covered with wood chips in gravel area. The seed weight was heaviest with white film and saw dust in red soil area, and with white film or white film covered with saw dust in no reclamation area, or white film covered with wood chips in gravel area. The fresh seed rate was highest with chaff covered with white film in red soil area, and with white film covered with saw dust in no reclamation area, or white film covered with chaff in gravel area. Tea seed water content was lowest with white film covered with chaff in red soil area and no reclamation area and white film covered with shade net in gravel area. Seed kernel rate was highest with white film covered with chaff in red soil area and no reclamation area, and with white film in gravel area. Kernel oil rate was highest with white film in red soil area, and white film covered with chaff in no reclamation area, or wood chips covered with white film in gravel area.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-26
基金项目:湖南省教育厅项目-水分对油茶成果率影响(16B187),常德市重大油茶专项-油茶新造林节水抗旱栽培技术研究(2015ZD16),常德市重大项目-油茶配方有机肥研制(2013ZX23)。
作者简介:胡玉玲(1977-),男,博士,讲师,主要从事经济林栽培和育种研究。E-mail:huyulin@126.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-08-25