[1]原 野.陕西花椒产业发展现状及对策[J].陕西林业科技,2018,(01):74-76.
 YUAN Ye.On Zanthoxylum bungeagum Industry Development and Countermeasures in Shaanxi Province[J].,2018,(01):74-76.
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陕西花椒产业发展现状及对策()
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《陕西林业科技》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2018年01期
页码:
74-76
栏目:
问题探讨与综述
出版日期:
2018-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Zanthoxylum bungeagum Industry Development and Countermeasures in Shaanxi Province
文章编号:
1001-2117(2018)01-0074-03
作者:
原 野
陕西省林业调查规划院,西安 710082
Author(s):
YUAN Ye
Shannxi Institute of Forest Inventory, planning and Design, Xian, Shaanxi 710082
关键词:
陕西省 花椒产业 现状 问题 对策
Keywords:
Shaanxi province Zanthoxylum bungeagum maxim current situation countermeasures
分类号:
S759.3+9
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
分析了陕西省花椒产业基地已具规模、科技领先全国、加工业发展迅速等发展现状,存在管理落后、单产低,果实采摘困难,冻害突出等问题,提出了以现有花椒园改造、管理为重点,促其由粗放经营模式向标准化、集约化、良种化、规范化生产模式转变,合理布局、科学规划、选用优良新品种、科学栽植、高起点新建园,合理施肥、加强土壤与树体综合管理、提高灾害防控能力,选用少刺或无刺优良品种、选择合理株行距、降低采椒成本,建立不同区域示范样板点推广应用新技术,延长产业链等陕西省花椒产业发展壮大对策。
Abstract:
Current situation of Zanthoxylum bungeagum industry was analyzed in terms of its scale, sci-tech property and processing. The problems like backward management, low yield, harvesting difficulty and freezing damage were discussed. The countermeasures for improvement were developed as follows: transformation of plantations, management as focus, production towards integration, standardization, superior variety application, large-scale production, rational arrangement, scientifically planning, rational fertilization, soil management, enhancement of pest control, proper spacing, lowering cost of harvest and integrating demonstration technologies in demonstration sites.

参考文献/References:

[1] 林鸿荣.椒史初探[J].中国农史,1985(2):63-67.
[2] 马养民,张巧云,朱军峰.GC-MS分析花椒籽油脂肪酸组分[J].粮食与油脂,2000(8):40.
[3] 蒲淑芬,原双进,马建兴.花椒丰产栽培技术[M].西安:陕西科技出版社,2002.
[4] 宋敏.花椒栽培技术[J].林业实用技术,2007(10):30.
[5] 朱健,赵玲爱,朱鸣.花椒丰产栽培新技术(第1版)[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2001.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-10-19
作者简介:原野(1987-),男,陕西蒲城人,工程师,主要从事经济林栽培工作。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-02-25